In a Montessori class the child’s performance is not evaluated by conducting tests or examinations. Instead the child’s effort and work is respected as it is. The teacher, through extensive observation and record-keeping, plans individual projects to enable each child to learn what he needs in order to improve. Therefore, observation play an important part in the Montessori Method.
Since the basis of the Montessori approach is based on the observation that children learn most effectively through direct experience and the process of Investigation and discovery, days are not divided into fixed time periods for each subjects. Instead, the trained adult offers Presentations of the materials either individually or in small groups. The children are then free to work with these materials as long and as often as necessary.
The classrooms are filled with hands-on materials. Montessori believed that knowledge proceeds from the hand to the brain. Concrete materials make concepts real, and therefore easily internalized. The student works abstractly (paper and pencil) when he or she has internalized the pattern and no longer needs materials